What is Positive Behaviour?
Positive Behaviour Support (PBS) is an evidence-based approach that focuses on understanding and addressing the underlying causes of challenging behaviours in individuals, particularly those with developmental disabilities or behavioural issues.
Positive Behaviour Support emphasises proactive strategies such as functional behaviour assessment (FBA), skill-building, and a supportive environment to encourage positive behaviours while reducing or eliminating challenging ones.
PBS aims to improve the individual’s overall quality of life, well-being, and independence.
What does Positive Behaviour Support (PBS) involve?
Positive Behaviour Support (PBS) is a comprehensive approach to addressing challenging behaviours involving the factors mentioned below.
- Identifying causes through assessment (FBA).
- Setting person-centered goals.
- Proactive interventions and positive reinforcement.
- Data monitoring and adjustments.
- Collaboration among professionals and caregivers.
- Ethical practices and dignity preservation.
- Long-term well-being focus.
Benefits of Positive Behaviour Support
Positive Behaviour Support (PBS) benefits eligible individuals, particularly those with disabilities or behavioural challenges. These benefits are designed to improve individuals’ quality of life, promote their well-being, and provide them with the support they need to thrive.
The key benefits of PBS for eligible individuals are mentioned below.
- Reduction in Challenging Behaviours: PBS focuses on understanding the underlying causes of challenging behaviours and developing strategies to reduce or eliminate them. This can significantly decrease behaviours such as aggression, self-injury, or property destruction, improving safety for the individual and those around them.
- Enhanced Quality of Life: PBS is person-centred and aims to improve the individual’s overall quality of life. By addressing challenging behaviours and teaching alternative skills, individuals can experience greater independence and participation in meaningful activities.
- Improved Communication Skills: Many individuals with disabilities face communication challenges. PBS can include strategies to enhance communication skills, leading to better self-expression and understanding reducing frustration and behavioural issues.
- Increased Social Engagement: Through PBS, individuals can learn social and emotional skills to build and maintain positive relationships with others. This can increase social engagement, improve friendships, and improve community inclusion.
- Greater Independence: PBS promotes independence by teaching individuals alternative behaviours and life skills. This can include daily living (ADLs), self-care, and decision-making, leading to greater self-determination and autonomy.
- Enhanced Emotional Well-being: By addressing the emotional and psychological needs of the individual, PBS can lead to increased emotional well-being and reduced stress and anxiety. A more positive environment and effective coping strategies contribute to better mental health.
Who is Eligible for Positive Behaviour Support?
Positive Behaviour Support in an NDIS plan is typically for the individuals mentioned below.
- Individuals with Disabilities: Positive Behaviour Support (PBS) is designed to benefit individuals with diverse disabilities, including Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), intellectual disabilities, developmental disabilities, acquired brain injuries, and mental health conditions.
- Challenging Behaviours: Positive Behaviour Support is aimed at individuals who display problematic behaviours, including aggression, self-harm, property damage, non-compliance, or other actions that endanger themselves or others.
- Interfering Behaviours: These challenging behaviours may interfere with the individual’s ability to participate in daily activities, engage in education or employment, and enjoy a good quality of life.
- Support Needs: Including PBS in an NDIS plan is based on a thorough assessment of the individual’s support needs. This assessment typically involves a functional behaviour assessment (FBA) to understand the function and triggers of the challenging behaviours.
- Evidence-Based Approach: PBS is considered an evidence-based approach to behaviour support, and it emphasises proactive strategies to prevent challenging behaviours, teach alternative skills, and create a positive and supportive environment.
How to Get Positive Behaviour Support (PBS) in My NDIS Plan
Getting Positive Behaviour Support (PBS) included in your National Disability Insurance Scheme (NDIS) plan involves several steps. The steps involved in the process are mentioned below.
Step 1: Contact your NDIS Local Area Coordinator (LAC) or NDIS planner to express your interest in PBS.
Step 2: Gather any existing assessments, reports, or documentation related to the challenging behaviours you or your loved one are experiencing. This may include evaluations from therapists, psychologists, or behaviour analysts.
Step 3: If you don’t have a recent FBA, request one from a qualified behaviour analyst or psychologist. This assessment will help identify the function and triggers of challenging behaviours.
Step 4: Work with your NDIS planner or support coordinator to set clear and meaningful goals for reducing challenging behaviours, improving quality of life, and increasing independence.
Step 5: Form a team of professionals, caregivers, and experts involved in the PBS process. This may include behaviour analysts, therapists, teachers, and family members.
Step 6: Create a comprehensive Behaviour Support Plan (BSP) with your team’s input. The BSP should outline proactive strategies to prevent challenging behaviours, teach alternative skills, and address environmental factors.
Step 7: Ensure all individuals implementing the PBS plan receive appropriate training and support. This includes caregivers, family members, support workers, and educators.
Step 8: Periodically review the PBS plan to assess its effectiveness. Make adjustments based on the individual’s progress and changing needs if necessary.
Step 9: Advocate for including PBS in your NDIS plan during your planning meeting with your NDIS planner. Provide documentation, assessments, and evidence of the need for PBS.
Step 10: Work with your NDIS planner to allocate the appropriate budget for PBS services in your NDIS plan. The budget should cover assessments, the development of the BSP, training, and ongoing support.
Step 11: Once PBS is approved in your plan, ensure that the BSP is implemented effectively. Monitor progress, collect data, and make necessary plan adjustments.
Step 12: Keep detailed records of the implementation of PBS, including any changes or improvements in behaviour. This documentation will be helpful for plan reviews and future assessments.
Step 13: Continue advocating for PBS services during plan reviews to ensure the support remains as long as needed.
Obtaining positive Behaviour Support (PBS) in your NDIS plan involves collaboration, assessment, and clear communication with your NDIS planner.
Following the above steps and advocating for the necessary support can improve individuals’ quality of life and well-being with challenging behaviours, fostering a more inclusive and supportive environment through PBS.
Sunrise2sunrise is a trusted NDIS provider committed to helping participants access essential services, including Positive Behaviour Support (PBS), within their NDIS plans.
We understand the significance of PBS in enhancing the lives of individuals facing challenging behaviours. Our team of dedicated professionals is equipped to guide participants through including PBS in their NDIS plans.
Feel free to contact us today by calling our dedicated team at 03 9188 3499 or filling out our contact form. We’re here to answer your questions, discuss your needs, and guide you through including Positive Behaviour Support (PBS) in your NDIS plan.
Let us help you pave the way towards a brighter, more supportive future.